The most common type of cancer that men suffer from is prostate cancer. You may not notice any obvious symptom of prostate cancer in the early period, but few signs can let you know about the condition.
What Is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer refers to the cancer cells that grow on the prostate gland of men. This is the second main cause of death caused by cancer in men.
The small organ is located in front of the rectum of the large intestine and below the urinary bladder. The prostate gland will increase in size with the increase in age of men. The size of the gland is around that of a walnut in young men. It is a very important part as it feeds the sperm by making a milky fluid, which is a part of the semen.
There are two types of prostate growth in the men’s body.
This type of growth is cancerous and very life-threatening to the person. It’s important to start treatment as soon as possible.
This type of growth is non-cancerous and does not become life-threatening. An example of benign growth is benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Prostate cancer can spread to other parts of the body after it starts in the prostate gland.
Causes of Prostate Cancer
The exact cause of prostate cancer is not known. There are always some cancer cells in one-third of the men who are more than 50 years old. Fortunately, most of the tumours are found to be harmless and small after biopsy. Though the exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, some of the risk factors that can lead to this disease are:
- Hormonal Causes
- Lack of Physical Activity or Exercise
- Obesity or Overweight
- Alcohol Intake
- Unhealthy Diet
- High Fat Intake
- Family or Genetic History of Cancer
- Ethnicity (Prostate cancer is less common in Caucasians and more in Blacks)
- High risk in men over 50 years of age
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Here’s a listing of all the symptoms of prostate cancer:
The Overlooked Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
- Blood in semen or urine
- Trouble in erection suddenly (erectile dysfunction)
- Pain while urinating or ejaculating
- Spine compression symptoms
- Pain in bone
Other Common Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
- Bowel control loss
- Deficit in the neurological system of the body
- Oedema and pain in feet and legs
- Weight loss
- Appetite Loss
- Pain in thigh, hips, or lower back
- Slight pain in the lower pelvic area
- Flow of urine is weak
- No control over the bladder
- High frequency of urination, especially at night
Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
The different methods of diagnosing prostate cancer are:
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Imaging Tests
- Prostate tissue biopsy
- Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA): PSA is an antigen that is specific to the prostate gland. If there is an increase in the level of PSA, then it can be an indication of prostate cancer.
- Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
Factors Considered for Prostate Cancer Treatment
Before devising a prostate cancer treatment plan, doctors consider the below factors:
- Life expectancy of patient
- Preference and value of the patient
- Category of the patient’s risk
- Health condition of the patient
- Age of the patient
- Grade and stage of prostate cancer
Different Types of Prostate Cancer Treatment
There are different types of drug therapies that are used to destroy the cancer cells in the body. This drug spreads throughout the human body and kills cancer cells. These are the various types of drug therapies like immunotherapy, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy.
This therapy targets the prostate cancer cells locally without affecting the whole body. Localized therapies include focal therapy, cryotherapy, radiation therapy, and prostatectomy.
- Waiting Watchfully
In this method, the patient is keenly observed for any change in the symptoms related to prostate cancer.
- Active Surveillance
In this prostate treatment method, DRE and PSA examinations are carried out to closely monitor the cancer and its symptoms.
Survival Rate for Prostate Cancer
There are low chances of death in men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer. A person may die if he or she is suffering from other medical conditions along with prostate cancer.
Due to the increased options of treatment and screening, the rate of survival for men with cancer in the prostate gland has increased in the last few years. A person who is diagnosed with it will have a chance of 99 percent survival for at least 5 years after treatment.
As we can see, there is no need to worry if you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer. If you happen to notice any of the symptoms discussed above, consult a doctor immediately for the right diagnosis and get treated accordingly.