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Aikido – A Japanese martial arts history


I often hear the word Aikido, but can you say the name of the school or the meaning of “Aiki”? I investigated the meaning of “Aiki”, but there are various expressions, and it is a difficult expression, so I can’t understand it. Introducing the history of Aiki and what kind of Aiki school is currently available.

About Aiki

First of all, I would like to introduce something related to Aiki as a whole.

“End of life net” management staff

This time, we will mainly explain the following items in “End of Life Net”.

  • About Aikido
  • Aiki?
  • Aikido school

Introducing in detail the history of Aiki to the school.
Please read it to the end.

Birth and history of Aikido

Aikido was founded by Morihei Ueshiba.

Morihei Ueshiba learned various martial arts and also practiced spiritually.
Before the war, Morihei Ueshiba, who had a good reputation as a martial artist, established the Imperial Buddhist Foundation to spread his martial arts.
After the end of the war, the Emperor’s Association will become the “Aikikai Foundation”.

From this time on, Morihei Ueshiba’s martial arts came to be called Aikido, and Aiki was born.

Since then, Aiki has become widespread and is now spreading overseas.


Also see:

What is Aikido?

Morihei Ueshiba studied ancient Japanese martial arts such as jujutsu and swordsmanship, encountered Takeda Sokaku’s Daito-ryu Aiki Jiu-jitsu, and was further influenced by Omoto’s idea of ​​valuing peace.

The result of combining these is the reverse joint technique of Daito-Ryu Aikijujutsu, which reverses the joints, and the dangerous technique of holding down with the legs and knees, and kicking is also possible. It is a banned general martial art “Aikido”.

Features of Aikido

The characteristic of Aiki is that by using the body rationally, it is possible to control the opponent even if the body is small and inferior in terms of power.
There is no match in Aiki.
This is because they do not compete with their opponents for victory or defeat.
The purpose is to train the mind and body through training.

Aikido School

Currently, there are various Aikido schools.
There are many schools established by Morihei Ueshiba’s direct pupils, but there are also other “Aikido” groups.

Aikido (Aikikai)

Aikido inherited by the direct descendants of Morihei Ueshiba.
Eighty to ninety percent of those who learn Aikido belong to this Aikido Honke school dojo.
Aikido is often referred to as Aikikai Aikido.

The second generation is the owner of “Kisshomaru Ueshiba”, the third generation is the current owner of “Moriteru Ueshiba”, and the headquarters dojo is located in Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo.

Yoshinkan Aikido

Aikido opened by Gozo Shioda, a disciple of Morihei Ueshiba, who won the 1954 Japan General Martial Arts Tournament.
The headquarters dojo is located in Takadanobaba, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo.

Yoshinkan Aikido Ryu, Aikido Renshinkai, Aikido Affinity Museum, etc. are of the same type, and were opened independently by the disciples of Gozo Shioda.

Aikido at Yoshinkan has been adopted for the arrest of the Metropolitan Police Department riot police because of its effectiveness, and the Aikido is a compulsory subject for female police officers of the Metropolitan Police Department.

Iwama Ryu Aikido

This is Aikido in the later years of Morihei Ueshiba, which was taken over by Morihiro Saito, the high-ranking younger brother of the founder Morihei Ueshiba.
There are Iwama-style dojos all over the country, but there is no organization that represents all of them.

Ki Aikido

The founder is Koichi Tohei, a high-ranking younger brother of Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido.
The headquarters dojo is located in Ichikai-cho, Haga-gun, Tochigi Prefecture, and there are classrooms (dojos) nationwide.

“Ki Aikido is not to control the other person but to respect and guide the other person’s mind.
Originally, it is not the purpose of attack, but a martial art that you can practice with peace of mind.
” That thing.

Affinity Taido (New English Taido)

The founder is Noriaki Inoue.
I’m Morihei Ueshiba’s nephew, but I’m not a disciple.
When Morihei Ueshiba was teaching “Aiki Martial Arts” in the Oomoto sect of Onisaburo Deguchi, he was teaching with him.

Ueshiba left under the exit and became independent, but Inoue remained in the Oomoto religion and taught Aiki martial arts widely to people other than those related to the Oomoto religion.

In 1946, the name was changed from “Aiki Martial Arts” to “Affinity Body Road”.
Later, it was called “Pro-English body way” for the general public other than Oomoto.

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