For Muslims, the Kaaba is perhaps the holiest place. It is Allah’s (SWT) house. The Kaaba is also known as the Bait-al-Atiq, or the Ancient House, and the Bait-al-Haram, or the Sacred House. The Blessed Kaaba is a square structure. It stands fifteen meters tall and has ten and a half meters on every side. The Kaaba is covered in a huge black silk fabric from the outside. It has gold-embroidered verses from the Holy Quran. This cloth is known as Kiswa. The cloth is produced in Saudi Arabia and is changed every year. The Kaaba is one of the world’s oldest sites. Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) and his son Prophet Ismail (A.S) were the first to construct the Kaaba. It is mentioned in a Quranic verse that:
“And (remember) when Abraham and (his son) Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House (the Kaaba at Mecca), (saying), ‘Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily, you are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower’” (Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:127)
When Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) constructed the Ka’bah there was no roof later on the Quraysh lifted the walls of the Ka’bah and added the roof. Pilgrims are not allowed to enter the inside of the Ka’bah and only the lucky ones get the privilege to enter and pray inside it.
The Holy Ka’bah During Quraysh’s Era
The Ka’bah had two doors during the Quraysh period, one on the east and another one on the western side. Muslims would come to the Khana Ka’bah and deposit their valuables inside it. The Ka’bah had no roof until that time. Approximately five years even before Prophet (S.A.W) began his Prophethood, the Quraysh reconstructed the Ka’bah. They shut the western door and lifted the eastern one to closely detect who came inside. For the very first time, they actually built a roof. The Prophet (S.A.W) assisted with the creation. The Quraysh had established their central idol, Hubal, in the middle of Ka’bah. It was crafted of red carnelian and formed like a human with the right hand separated and exchanged with gold by the Quraysh. When the pagan Arabs were ambivalent on a topic, they would have to go to Hubal and throw the arrows next to him, taking ‘advice’ depending on how the arrows looked.
During The Conquest of Makkah, The Prophet (S.A.W) Enters The Ka’bah
When the Prophet (S.A.W) reached Makkah on the day of conquest, he performed Tawaf seven times all across Ka’bah and touched the Hajar al-Aswad with his members. He then unlocked the Kaaba’s gate and entered. He was being assisted by Usama bin Zaid and Bilal (R.A). He (S.A.W) shut the door, prayed, and sat for a while.
Within the Ka’bah, there were sculptures of Ibrahim (A.S) and Ismail (A.S), as well as images of angels and a portrait of Ibrahim (A.S) holding divining arrows. It has also been mentioned that a Christian produced an emblem painting of the Virgin Mary and the child Christ. The Prophet (P.B.U.H) commanded their annihilation. The Prophet (S.A.W) even had the ‘chief’ idol Hubal demolished, along with all the other idols within the Ka’bah.
Redevelopment of Ka’bah in History
All through history, various rulers have retained the inside of the Ka’bah. The three supporting pillars visible within were added by Abdullah bin Zubair (R.A). Plaques along the Kaaba’s walls commemorate the work undertaken on the Ka’bah by numerous rulers.
Current Interior of Khana Ka’bah
During King Fahd’s rule, the Ka’bah underwent substantial renovations in 1995. In addition to cleaning the exterior brickwork, the interior was fully restored. The surface and ceilings have been resurfaced with new marble, the three pillars from the time of Abdullah bin Zubair (R.A) were modified, and a new green cloth was hung on the ceilings and walls. Inside the Ka’bah, there is also a white cupboard that houses numerous scents and presents. That’s where you’ll find Bakhoor (fragrance).
Some Other Fascinating Facts About the Interior of the Ka’bah
The two horns of the ram sacrificed by Ibrahim (A.S) were hanged inside the Holy Ka’bah. As Abdullah bin Zubair (R.A) destroyed the Ka’bah to restore it, he discovered that the horns had dissolved resulting from previous destruction and time. According to Hazrat Khaarija bin Mus’ab (R.A), four people finished the Quran inside of the Kaaba in a single Raka’t. Their names are Hazrat Uthmaan (R.A), Hazrat Tamim Daari (R.A), Hazrat Sa’eed bin Jubayr (R.A), and Imam Abu Hanifah (R.A).
You can get to visit the House of Allah (SWT) when you plan to perform Umrah and can pray there as much as you can. But pilgrims are not permitted to enter the inside of the Holy Ka’bah but they can pray in Hateem and will get the same rewards as it is also the part of the Ka’bah. You can take your families with you by obtaining family Umrah packages and get blessed with the unlimited blessings of Allah (SWT).