Perform Exchange Database Hard Repair Via ESEUTIL /p Command

Use eseutil /p cmdlet to perform Exchange database hard repair to repair the damaged or corrupted Exchange database. Read write-up & find the solution.

eseutil p cmdlet

Corruption in the Exchange mailbox database is one of the major issues nowadays for Exchange users. As it is the main repository of the Microsoft Exchange Server which stores various mailboxes and data items like – mails, notes, tasks, calendars, journals, contacts, etc… All these items contain important data and if the Exchange database file gets corrupted or damaged then users won’t be able to access Exchange mailboxes and there are chances that users may lose data. So, to prevent data loss it is necessary to perform Exchange database hard repair to repair the corrupted mailbox database.

Users can use the eseutil /p command to perform hard recovery in the Exchange database and then you can access the data easily. This particular cmdlet removes the corruption from the .edb file & replace all the corrupted Exchange database with the white space.

If any Exchange database file gets unhealthy / damaged / corrupted then it is important for users to repair the mailbox database because if they lose data then users have to face its consequences too such as: financial loss, clients & users may lose trust in the company, face legal charges or penalty, and much more. To avoid all this trouble users have to perform Exchange database hard recovery but before that let’s know what are the reasons due to which corruption occurs in the mailbox database. Some of the major reasons are given below:

  1. Malicious & Virus Attack
  2. Exchange Server Crash
  3. Power outage
  4. Human error
  5. Hardware & Software failure
  6. MS Exchange database objects missing
  7. Storage space issue in Microsoft Exchange

Use ESEUTIL Tool to Perform Exchange Database Hard Repair

Before using the eseutil /p cmdlet you have to full fill the requirements given below:

    1. Login as Exchange Administrator
    2. Take the backup of damaged or corrupted Exchange database file
    3. The Exchange database should be offline or dismounted before using the solution
    4. User should have an ample amount of storage space which must be equal to 20% database size
    5. To test the hard drive for bad sector use the check disk utility (CHKDSK)

Use the Steps to Perform Exchange Database Hard Repair

Step 1: Now use the eseutil /p cmdlet given below to perform Exchange mailbox database hard recovery


eseutil /p “enter database name.edb”


eseutil /p “E:\EXCHSRVR\Mailbox store (Server).edb”

Then click on the OK button on the warning dialogue box

Step 2: After that use the eseutil /d cmdlet to perform the defragmentation of the database & rebuild indexes


eseutil /d “insert_database_name”


eseutil /d “E:\EXCHSRVR\Mailbox store (Server).edb”

Step 3: Run the command to given below to fix the logical corruption & repair the mailbox database at the application level

isinteg -s (SERVER) -fix -test alltests

After that users can recovered the Exchange database file from the MS Exchange Server directory

Shortcoming Of Manual Solution

      1. Time-consuming method & need ample amount of space to perform hard recovery
      2. Loss of data is permanent and you cannot predict that how much data is lost
      3. Requires in-depth knowledge, technical skills, and hands-on experience to use the manual solution

Use Automated Wizard to Repair the Damaged/Corrupted Exchange Database

Users can use the SysTools EDB Recovery tool developed and designed with the advanced algorithm used my many IT Experts, Exchange as well as novice users to recover and repair the minimal & major corruption from Exchange database file without using any command in a hassle freeway. This utility provides dual scan mode (Quick and Advance scan) which removes corruption from the EDB file.

After recovery, users can export the recovered and healthy Exchange mailboxes and export directly to the Live Exchange Server 2016 / 2013 / 2010 / 2007 / 2003 mailboxes, Office 365, and multiple file formats in a simplified manner without any hassle.

Working Steps to Repair the Corrupted EDB File

Step 1: Download the automated utility & install it in your system

Step 2: Select the add file button >> Load the offline / dismounted Exchange EDB file

Step 3: From scan mode option, click on advance scan mode >> Click on the add button

Step 4: Preview the recovered offline EDB file >> Click on the export button

Step 5: Select the mailboxes and export it to the desired file format

Bringing It All Together

In this article, we have provided detailed information on how to perform Exchange database hard repair by using the eseutil /p cmdlet but if you are new to the MS Exchange Server environment then it would be very difficult for you to understand the manual solution because it requires technical knowledge and skills. So, to avoid the technicality and complexity users can use the advanced software that easily recovers the minor & major corruption from offline/dismounted EDB file without any hindrance. After recovery, users export the recovered mailboxes to Exchange Server, O365, and various file formats. Also, you can use the EDB File Converter to export the multiple Exchange database file to PST, MSG, MBOX, MSG, HTML, PDF file format. You can select the option according to your preference and repair the damaged/corrupted Exchange mailbox database.

Author: admin