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Around 2 million people in the United States of America and 3.18 million individuals in the European Union are living with an incomplete body. Additionally, hundreds of thousands of amputations take place throughout the year … Read More
Around 2 million people in the United States of America and 3.18 million individuals in the European Union are living with an incomplete body. Additionally, hundreds of thousands of amputations take place throughout the year around the planet. Unfortunately, not all of them qualify for a bionic installation as amputations can not be preplanned. For proper implementation of a bionic prosthesis, a very specific set of features are important.
This discussion will try to provide a guideline regarding the eligibility criteria for availing bionic enhancements.
Presence of phantom limb
In case of traumatic and accidental amputations patients often present the syndrome of a phantom limb. Due to the sudden absence of a limb, the human brain fails to recognize the loss immediately, due to the presence of relevant neural networks and myelination patterns. In such scenarios, the brain registers the pseudo presence of an already lost limb. Even if the limb is not there, expectations from the limb continue to trigger unwanted frustrations.
These specific kinds of frustrations become severe with time and manifest into phantom limb pain.
A bionic prosthetic fitment can reduce this frustration by realizing the expectations from an absent limb. In this process, phantom limb pain can be reduced, and as an additional gain, the rehabilitation time shortens significantly.
Patients willing to contribute more
The willingness of a patient to increase efficiency in day to day life is essential for successful bionic rehabilitation. The entire procedure reaches completion only after rigorous training and incubation. Without motivation for going through the phase for preparation, it is extremely difficult to reach a state of satisfactory wield capabilities.
A willing patient, In spite of lacking in terms of awareness, can overcome the hurdles of life with a prosthesis with sheer motivation.
Amputations of ideal length
Amputations are extreme measures, sometimes essential for saving a life. Though, for the proper functioning of a bionic prosthesis presence of relevant residual muscles are important.
A closer look into the working mechanism of a bionic prosthesis reveals, without the muscles responsible for commands it can not function at all. A bionic prosthesis is controlled by an onboard computer that receives instructions from electrodes connected directly or indirectly to the muscles. The electromyographic signal is then transcribed into gesture and movement actions.
If an amputation includes the removal of necessary muscles for limb movement, The bionic installation can not function due to a lack of input. Therefore, the desired length of amputation is the one that includes the residual muscles relevant for gestures and movements.
Injuries not involving relevant part of the central nervous system
The central nervous system is the source of voluntary motor activities. And different muscle groups are controlled by different dermatomes originating from particular segments of the spinal cord. In case of detrimental spinal cord injuries on the relevant sites, the movement of muscles is completely lost. As the muscle activities are heavily controlled by motor neurons carrying impulses directly from the spinal cord. Clearly, completely healthy residual muscles alone can not assure proper bionic functioning.
Additionally, a damaged motor cortex can render all the other intact motor systems useless as the motor cortex is the source of all motor activities. In the case of patients with spinal cord and head injuries, a thorough assessment must precede before even considering a bionic prosthetic solution.
Absence of certain neuropathologies
The whole process of rehabilitation using a bionic prosthesis can jeopardize in the long run due to the presence of neurological disorders like movement disorders, epilepsy, Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s diseases. Or Any other progressive disease which might impair motor activity is a potential obstacle for experiencing the empowering vibes of bionic prosthetics.
The awareness factor
Awareness regarding the working mechanism and maintenance is essential for wielding a bionic prosthesis. Additional awareness regarding the available facilities and expenses must accompany. For instance, a patient can be easily misguided into living a life full of compromises due to a lack of awareness regarding bionic hand price. In a developing country like ours, such a thing is commonplace. As a solution on the behalf of the health and medical science enthusiasts awareness programs should take place. Unfortunately, such a future is only a theory when awareness will not be a major obstacle in the path of bionic rehabilitation.