History of Indian Defence forces

“We live by chance, we love by choice and we kill by profession”- Officers Training Academy, Chennai. The Indian Defence Forces are the largest voluntary military known for their values like valour, discipline, selfless-duty and … Read More

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“We live by chance, we love by choice and we kill by profession”- Officers Training Academy, Chennai. The Indian Defence Forces are the largest voluntary military known for their values like valour, discipline, selfless-duty and sacrifice. They act as a protective shield over millions of civilians, keeping them safe from terror threats and internal insurgencies. The Defence forces of India have shown exemplary commitment and dedication towards serving their motherland. There are mainly three divisions of defence forces: The Indian Army, The Indian Navy, The Indian Air Force.  

There are countless individuals who show blazing zeal and enthusiasm for joining the defence forces of India. They can easily get selected to the armed forces by qualifying various government exams such as CDS, AFCAT, NDA etc. Those who are planning to crack the NDA exam can approach a magnificent institute that provides efficient NDA coaching in Chandigarh. Before entering the defence forces of India, get to know the brief history of these uniformed forces. 

History of the Indian Defence Forces is elaborated as follows: 

  • British India (1857-1947)

The Indian Navy and The Indian Air force was established during the era of East India company. During World-War I and World-War II, the Indian corps were efficient enough in combating the enemy attacks. The count of soldiers in Indian Army rose to 2.5 millions by the end of 1945.

At the end of antagonism in 1945, the corps of Indian Army included Indian medical service officer Hiraji Cursetji as major-general, three Indian Brigadiers in combatant arms, IMS brigadier and around 220 Indian Officers in temporary ranks of colonel and lieutenant-colonel. In 1946, sailors of The Indian Navy protested on board ships and in shore establishments.  Around 20,000 soldiers, 20 shore establishments and 78 ships were involved in a revolt that had strong impact all over India. Two months prior independence, by June 1947, the Indian Army had a total of 14 Indian Officers at brigadier rank without airforce officers in the defence forces of India. 

  • Post Independence

The post independence period of India was disresting time for the nation as well as its defence forces. After Independence, the defence forces of India were divided between Pakistan and India along with aircrafts, ships allotted to the respective domains. On 15 August 1947, The Indian Defence Forces were composed of:

  • The Indian Army: 12 armoured corps units, 15 infantry regiments, 61 engineer units, 18.5 artillery regiments. The gurkha regiment continued to be a part of Indian Armed Forces.
  • The Royal Indian Navy ( RIN): Twelve minesweepers, 2 frigates, 4 sloops, 1 survey vessel, 1 corvette, 4 motor minesweeper, four armed trawlers and four harbour defence lanches and all landing craft of the Royal Indian Navy.
  • The Royal Indian Air force: This force comprised, 7 fighter squadrons of Hawker Tempest II aircraft and 1 squadron of Douglas Dakota III/IV aircraft.   

The updated technologies in Defence forces has inspired a large number of youth to be a part of Indian defence forces. So, if you wish to be a part of Indian Navy then get well prepared for the CDS exam. In case you feel the need of proper guidance while preparing for exam then approach a recognized institute that provides world-class CDS coaching in Chandigarh.

After independence, the defence forces were involved in numerous operations notably Operation POLO and the Indo-Pakistan war of 1947. 

  • From trauma to victory

The period from 1961 to 1971 was the most troublesome period. The defeat of 1962 almost shocked the foundation of India and its armed forces. The army began to analyze for overcoming its weakness. During the war of 1965, the defence forces noticed the inefficiency of its equipment, training and leadership at every level. These wars induced the government to upgrade and modernize the defence capabilities. By the end of 1970, Indian defence forces were ready to face any type of uncertainty and challenge. The war of 1971 emerged a new nation i.e. Bangladesh.

  • Modernization period 1971- 1998

After the war of 1971, the Indian Defence forces worked on the modernization of its efficiency and capabilities. The major recommendations regarding technology up-gradation began to be implemented in the 1980s. The improvements in mechanized forces were considered as a result of modernization.

Are you planning to be a part of the Indian Air Force? If yes, then prepare for the AFCAT exam. In case, you feel the need for expert training then approach the most esteemable institute for excellent AFCAT coaching in Chandigarh


The history of the Indian defence forces is explained in detail and from here you can easily deduce that how armed forces emerged as one of the most capable forces. Candidates who aspire to become a part of Indian Defence forces must know every detail related to these elite forces. The Indian Armed forces were always efficient in combating any enemy attack and by the time they have improved themselves by upgrading its armed weapons. 


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