Do you have a research unit that requires the use of batteries? Perhaps, your facility deals with phone manufacturing, industrial power tools, electric cars, or any other product that uses a battery. Well, no matter your niche, the chances are that you will require transporting batteries at some point. So, how do you transport the batteries correctly and safely?
The first item when transporting batteries is to confirm you bought the right type. Therefore, you need to use battery load testers to confirm their health before getting started. If the batteries are many for your facility, get random samples and check their health. So, here are some useful tips to help you transport different types of batteries.
Lead Acid Batteries
Lead-acid batteries are the most commonly used option in cars, but they are considered Class 8 Corrosive Hazardous materials. Therefore, they require specific packaging and marking. So, here are some precautions to take when transporting lead-acid batteries
- Make sure to always transport the batteries upright. It is also crucial to use a non-conductive divider for separating the batteries.
- Ensure to place terminal protection on every lead-acid battery.
- Subject the batteries to pressure differential, vibration, other tests. Make sure to have and use high-quality battery load testers and other top-rated testing equipment for these tests.
- At 55° C, the electrolyte must not flow from the cracked case.
- The battery must be marked with the term NONSPIRANBLE.
Lithium metal (non-rechargeable) and lithium-ion (rechargeable) are made to deliver high quantities of power. However, they can at times generate a lot of heat and raise the risk of fire. Because of this, they are categorized as Class 9 Miscellaneous hazardous materials. To transport lithium-based batteries for your facility, they require good packaging.
The most crucial consideration when transporting lithium-based batteries is to avoid short-circuits. Therefore, the batteries must be packaged and placed individually in non-conductive bags. The terminals must also be sealed with non-conductive tapes. You might also opt not to remove batteries from their blister packs and only place cushioning between them.
It is prudent to note that although Li-Ion batteries are categorized as hazardous, they might be considered an exception if they do not surpass the following limits:
- Not exceeding two grams of lithium.
- Not exceeding eight grams of equivalent lithium content.
If you need to transport Lithium-based batteries on a plane, they should not be put in checked bags. Instead, they are required to be placed onboard. This is important because fires can easily be put out. In one of the cases, a coffee pot was sufficient in putting off a fire that broke on a laptop. See: this could not have been possible if it was in a cargo hold, and the scenario could have ended in a disaster. Also, there might be limitations on the number of Lithium-based batteries that you can carry.
Nickel-based batteries do not come with a lot of limitations when it comes to transportation. However, it is paramount to follow the precautions like those of lead-acid batteries to reduce the risk of electrical shorts that can cause a fire. For example, regulations disallow storing or transporting nickel-based batteries in metal boxes. If there is a danger of the electrical shorts, each battery should be wrapped in plastic bags.
Now that you know how to transport the batteries correctly, you cannot just deploy them. It is paramount to ensure they are tested to determine they are in the right condition. For example, you should use battery load testers to check the current and health of the battery. In the case of lithium batteries, lithium ion battery testing will be crucial to ensure only the right one is used. Remember to always buy battery load testers from top-rated dealers and manufacturers for quality assurance.