The M1 carbine, which was developed as a lighter, more maneuverable alternative to the M1 Garand, was developed into a series of variants and carried by American forces throughout the latter half of World War II, as well as through the Korean War and Vietnam War.
In part because so many of them (and so many different variants, like the M1A1 developed for airborne forces, with its folding stock and lack of bayonet lugs) were produced for so long, they are some of the more common rifles that one is likely to find when scouring the surplus deals at gun shops and galleries.
But do they make good rifles? Let’s take a close look at one of the most common (by far) gripes about the platform.
The Power of the .30 Carbine Cartridge
Without a doubt, the most common complaint about the M1 carbine is really not a complaint about the rifle, but about the cartridge, it was designed to fire: the .30 carbine cartridge.
Now, this cartridge, which typically fired a 110-grain bullet, was (and remains) much more powerful than (most) cartridges destined for handguns. At the very least, it was much more powerful than the .45 ACP cartridges American soldiers were likely to have been firing from their 1911s.
That sounds like praise, but it isn’t, especially when you compare apples to apples. The M1 was sort of intended as a replacement for the M1 Garand, which was chambered around the .30-06 Springfield, which was orders of magnitude more powerful than the .30 carbine. (That’s a bit of a hyperbole, but you get the picture.)
Repeated observation of the M1 carbine is that it just wasn’t powerful enough, which is really not a complaint about the rifle but about the ammunition. Making matters worst, the soldiers were issued FMJ bullets that took all their energy, typically went through the target, and kept on going: great for a machine gun crew trying to inflict mass casualties, and not so great for an infantryman who relies on the stopping power of his rifle simply to survive an engagement.
What You Can Do About That
Fortunately, for modern owners of M1 carbine rifles, there is something that can be done about it. Anyone using the M1 as a self-defensive weapon instead of a battle rifle has an advantage American troops did not: being unencumbered by FMJ ammunition.
Instead, shoot soft point or hollow point ammunition, either of which choices is significantly better suited to competently dumping the payload of its ballistic energy into a target. That alone significantly improves the utility of a .30 carbine as a light rifle, either designated as a self-defense weapon or, where legal, as a hunting rifle.
Of course, if you’re just competing in a target shoot, that might not matter to you – but it’s good to know nonetheless.
The Ubiquity of Parts and Accessories
Due to the availability of a wide range of modern loads, the M1 carbine is a much more attractive platform than it once was, but there’s another reason that some people consider it to be a good rifle, ammunition notwithstanding.
Compared to some historical and antique weapons, securing parts for the M1 carbine is relatively easy. Because so many were produced and so many remain in civilian hands, parts are in ready circulation. You probably won’t need to look too hard or too far to find a new magazine, stock, barrel bands, or rear sight for an M1 or M2 carbine.
Pick up Parts and Accessories for the M1 Carbine at SARCO, Inc.
Looking for parts or ammo for an M1 carbine? Visit SARCO, Inc. online at SarcoInc.com. They carry a massive assortment of parts and accessories for historical and antique firearms, including the M1 carbine and M1 Garand, among countless others.
They may not be too far from you, if you’re the type that likes shopping in person. Visit their storefront at 50 Hilton Street in Easton, Pennsylvania for some professional firearms expertise, or give them a call at 610-250-3960.