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Know All the Crucial Details about Harvard Referencing at One Place


Are you currently writing an assignment that requires Harvard referencing? Then your arrival here is most opportune, especially if you are not aware how to cite various types of sources in Harvard. Once you go through this blog, you will have a detailed insight into in-texting, reference list, and associated conventions.

Harvard Referencing Rules for the Reference List

Mentioned below are the rules you have to follow when it comes to the referencing list.

  • It should be organized alphabetically by the author. If there is no author, it should be sorted by source title, excluding articles like a, an, or the.
  • If there are numerous works by the same author, they are ordered chronologically by date; if the works are from the same year, they are ordered alphabetically by title and given a letter (a,b,c, etc.) after the title.
  • The list should be at the end of the paper and double-spaced.

In the following sections, we will delve into the formatting aspect of the citations.

Including Harvard References in the Text

We have to include the citations in the text as well. For this, you need to pay heed to the following rules and examples.

No Author

If it is possible, you can use the organization responsible. If you cannot find it, use the title of the source in italics

(The COVID-19 Vaccine Results, 2020, pp.- 203-213)

One Author

You have to use the name of the author, or the last name of the editor, the year of publication, and the page number.

Max (2020, p. 212) or you can write (Max, 2020, p. 212)

Two or Three Authors

Here, you must state all the surnames,

Max, Henry, and Waters (2019, p.143)

When the Same Author Has Multiple Works Published in the Same Year

Here, you have to allocate the work with the letters a, b, c.

(Max, 2020a, p. 212,)

Citing Multiple Works in One Parentheses

Here, you just have to use the semicolons between different citations.

(Max, 2020, p. 212; Jenkins, 200; Matthews, 2015, pp. 196-206)

When Source Has No Date

In this case, you should mention no date in place of the date

(Max, no date, p. 212)

Hopefully, you were able to understand the in-text formatting. In case you face any difficulty, use Harvard referencinggenerator available online.

How to Cite Various Types of Sources in Harvard

Now, we will take a look at how you can cite various types of sources in the referencing list. First, we will check out the template and then the examples.


Last name of the author, First initial of author. (Year published). Title of the book. Edition. [format] City: Publisher, page(s). Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

Marinescu, M. ed., 2019. Chemistry and applications of benzimidazole and its derivatives. BoD–Books on Demand. Available at: https://www.abc.com [Accessed 18 May 2020]


Surname(s) of the author (s), initial(s). (Year) ‘Article Title’, Newspaper Title (edition), day month, page number(s).

Duncan, J. (2020). Schools and Universities to Remain Closed?  New York Times, [online] p.B20. Available at: http://www.shdfg.com [Accessed 17 Apr. 2021]

Online Journal

Last name of the author, First initial of the author. (Year published). Title of the article. Journal, [online] Volume (Issue), pages. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

Arthur, M. (2019). Analyzing the RNA Sequence of SARS-CoV-2. Journal of Microbiology [online] Volume 61(2), p. 150. Available at: http://www.xyz.com/products-services/Microbiology-Research-Library.html [Accessed 15 Apr. 2020].


Surname(s) of the author, initial(s) of the author. (Year of publishing) Title of page/site [Online]. Available at: URL (Accessed: day month year)

Holland, J.A. (2018) Quantum Mechanics Basics Explained [Online]. Available at: https://www.hgsdiuhqi.com/ (Accessed: 27 April 2019)

Conference Proceedings

Last name of the author, First initial of the author. (Conference Year). Title of Paper or Proceedings.  Name or Title of Conference. [online] City: Publisher of the Proceedings, pages. Available at: URL [Accessed Day, Month, Year].

Tyler, L., Elliot, J. and Hall, T. (2019). Discussion on the Future of Teaching Program. In: National Conference for Remote Technology. [online] New York: NBCT, pp. 35-39. Available at: http://www.nbct.com/2019conference/advocatingforyourtechprogram/ [Accessed 11 Jan. 2020].

The Name of the Case [Year published] Report abbreviation Volume number (Name of court); First page of the court case.

Michael v. United Land Property, Inc. [2019]15-1226 (Supreme Court of the United States); 1.

Video Clip

Title of the Film. (Year published). [Format] Place of origin: Name of the Filmmaker.

Are UFOs Real? Let’s Have a Look at the Proof. (2021). [film] Chicago: Jury Davids

In place of the format, you can specify whether it was a DVD, Film, or Video.


Last name of the author(s), First initial of the author(s). (Year it was published). Title of the Dissertation. Academic Level/Qualification of the Author. Name of University, College, or Institution.

Browne, W. (2018). Analysis of trace elements in biological and organic materials. Ph.D. California Institute of Technology

Government Publications

Government Agency or Last name of the author, First Initial of the author, (Year published). Title of Document or Article. City where it was published: Publisher, Page(s).

Texas Department of Transportation, (2019). BicyclePA Routes. Austin: TEXDOT, p.1.

Online Images

Last name of the author, First initial of the author. (Year published). Title/description. [format] Available at: URL [Accessed Day Month Year].

Elizabeth, O. (2018). Story Books for the Weekend. [image] Available at: https://flic.kr/p/fbPZyV [Accessed 8 Apr. 2019].


Last name of the author, First initial of the author. (Year published) Episode title. [podcast]. Podcast title. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mon. Year].

Johnston, N. (2019). #GadgetTalks Episode 6. [podcast]. #GadgetTalks Available at: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/gadgettalks/id514797904?mt=2 [Accessed 14 Feb. 2020].


Last name of the author, First initial of the author. OR Corporate Author (Year published). Title or Description of Patent. Patent number.

Douglas, F. (2018). Amplifier Building Technology. USA Intellectual Property Office Patent no. GB2468906. Available at: http://www.gov.usa.aytgqhyg/p/find-publication (Accessed: 5 June 2019).

Hopefully, you have some insight into Harvard referencing. If you still face an issue while citing the sources, do not hesitate to use online citation generators. In fact, you will find all types of referencing generators like Oxford, Harvard, APA, or AGLC referencing.