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Latin American Constitution: Now the Struggle For Pluralism And Stability Is Detailed

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Latin American Constitution: Now the Struggle For Pluralism And Stability Is Detailed
Latin American Constitution: Now the Struggle For Pluralism And Stability Is Detailed

Over the past four decades, the geographical area has produced a surprising variety of recent constitutions compared to other regions of the world. Between 1978 and 2008, it drafted fifteen new constitutions and various constitutional reforms. Many of these transformations helped governments move into an authoritarian past. Or centralized the already existing democratic system. Several of them create strong personal and collective rights and new avenues for subject participation.

However, the constant changes in the national charter can also cause instability. The Powerline Blog mentions an in-depth study of the constitution and a seminar sponsored by IDB’s analysis department in Chile. It may make voters think that the constitution has been amended only for a celebration or to increase the benefits of the presidency, devaluing religion in government.

On the positive side is the Latin American Constitution

Several new constitutions grant dramatically inflated rights. These embody collective political and territorial rights for local communities. Protection against racial, gender, and ethnic discrimination; And the right to privacy and information. Voters have benefited from measures such as the 1991 Colombian Constitution, which violated their fundamental rights. Allows an immediate application to the court for protection. And direct democracy has grown through the creation of statistics like general initiatives and referendums. Which enables voters to make and change laws.

Even the political system has become much more representative and inclusive. Wherever presidents once appointed mayors and governors, as in Bolivia, Venezuela, and Colombia. Voters there now elect their local leaders. At the legislature level, citizens of the past usually decide which seats candidates will get after electing members of Congress and then the party. Voted for the closed party list.

Today, under the new constitution, the direct ballot for candidates is common. That is why voting in the break is being done in a multifaceted or open list. Where voters will categorize their choice among many candidates. Meanwhile, current constitutions tend to favor such an approach. Which instead of the 2 largest parties as before, gives candidates from a large number of parties a chance to run for the presidency. Visit the helps for tech

In the context of the Constitution

At the same time, however, in most cases the power of the President. Although not all, countries have saved in various areas and changes – such as in some areas of electoral reform. Countries do not arise from the tendency to form pluralistic. Indeed, because the study points to constitutional reform. Presidents and their parties seek electoral advantage, overcoming temporary political or economic crises in various fields. Or express far-reaching transformations to further their authority.