Theft. Larceny, Burglary. Robbery. These crimes might all seem as if they are relatively equal, but the truth is that they are not. While most of these crimes involve taking someone’s property from them, that isn’t always the case. Only two of the terms mentioned refer to the same crime.
Understanding the difference between these crimes is crucial since they are weighted very differently. Today, we’ll be answering some of the most common questions about theft and burglary, as well as explaining what makes each of them unique.
Difference Between Shoplifting And Larceny
It depends on your location if a distinction is made between larceny or theft and shoplifting on a legal level. However, shoplifting involves taking goods from a store without paying for them, so it differs in some ways from taking something from an individual.
A shoplifting crime may include the following:
- Taking knowing possession of or walking away with merchandise that was for sale at a retail place of business.
- Doing the above without the consent or knowledge of the retail merchant.
- Completing the above actions with an intent to keep the merchandise or to deprive the merchant of it.
- Engaging in each of the above without paying the purchase price for the merchandise.
Hiding merchandise can also be an element of the shoplifting crime. Some states have a separate offense like “willful concealment” involving merchandise that may apply. It would use in a situation where a defendant is attempting to conceal merchandise while still standing on the premises of a retail establishment.
What Are the Different Types of Theft?
There are several different types of theft, including shoplifting. Theft or larceny means taking and removing someone’s property without their permission with an intent to deprive the owner of it. However, some statutes are in place to distinguish different kinds of theft.
The most significant distinction is seen between petty theft and grand theft. Grand theft is considered a more severe offense, and a crime may be categorized this way for several reasons. Many states think theft a grand theft is the following apply:
- The taken property is worth more than a specified minimum amount, often $500 to $1,000 or even more (the number is $950 in California for most property types).
- The taken property was removed from a person directly but without fear or force (classifying the crime as a robbery). It might include pickpocketing someone who was not suspecting it.
- The property taken was a specific sort. For example, theft of cars and animals is considered grand theft no matter the market value for the accepted item.
In most cases, circumstantial evidence is used to establish the defendant was in the appropriate state of mind to do this. To take hold of larceny-theft, this can be done in the form of electronic surveillance.
For more, read on Larceny theft, and you can also check here.
Things To Know About Electronic Surveillance
Electronic surveillance has proven to be a controversial but increasingly entrenched tool of criminal justice in many jurisdictions worldwide. But what is it, and why has it proven so popular?
Many features of modern life may be considered ‘electronic monitoring’ in a broader sense. Citizens of the Western World are all subject to it every day, to at least some extent, in CCTV and other forms of electronic surveillance.
On the internet, increasing attention is paid to how governments monitor our online lives: our email, our internet search histories, and our social media presence.
Radio Frequency (RF) EM
Radio Frequency (RF) requires a central receiver device installed at a particular location, usually the subject’s home.
The receiver transmits a radio signal to the anklet, which will respond unless it is outside a certain radius. If the receiver does not receive the anklet’s password, it sends an electronic message to the monitoring station, and the loss of signal is investigated.
On the other hand, global Positioning System (GPS) EM provides real-time information about where the subject is, using the same technology that allows ‘sat-nav’ devices in cars and smartphones to position their users on maps.
Regardless of what inspired its creation, it is clear that EM is a growing (and essential) part of modern criminal justice around the globe. There is more to read about electronic surveillance. Click here.
Larceny theft, robbery, and burglary are all crimes, but they do not mean the same thing. Some kinds of theft are considered more severe than others and may lead to higher fines and more extended amounts of jail time. Having possession of stolen property or shoplifting from a retail store can also be considered theft.