Adhesives are an integral part of the many processes that make up a building. From the beginning stages of the construction process all the way through to the closing of the job, adhesives play an important role. They can be used in several applications. But perhaps the most well-known use is in the commercial construction industry. Commercial buildings include buildings such as apartment buildings, stadiums, retail malls, hospitals, and office buildings. And in each of these types of buildings there are specific uses for adhesives to help make the construction process as efficient as possible.
The two main types of adhesives are solvent-based adhesives and synthetic adhesives. Solvent-based adhesives include such widely-used products as mortar, concrete, drywall, gypsum board, paint, and wood flooring. In the past, solvent-based adhesives generally met with poor resistance to the elements and had very poor adhesion properties. However, in recent years there have been significant advances in the development of synthetic adhesives that perform much better than solvent-based adhesives and which have higher performance adhesion properties.
Polymers are synthetic chemical substances that include plastics, nylon, and polyester. Although polymers can be manufactured in a wide array of colors, and are sometimes used as decorative items, they are primarily used in the construction industry as tools and components, including nails, hinges, braces, screws, clips, fasteners, and so on. Many of today’s polymers can exhibit excellent heat and thermal conductivity, which allows them to be used both as hardware and as pressure-sensitive adhesives. Polymers are frequently used as tools in applications where other adhesives would be insufficient, such as in architectural and infrastructural metalwork.
The third category of adhesive agents is synthetic adhesives. These synthetically manufactured adhesives are commonly used in a variety of applications, including electronics and plastic moldings. These resins can be manufactured as solid resins, liquid resins, and microporous resins, each of which exhibit distinctly different physical characteristics. Some common synthetic adhesives include epoxy, acrylic, polyurethane, phenolic, and propylene resins.
Acrylamide is a type of thermosetting resin that is thermally broken, resulting in its adhesion to a support surface and its subsequent hardening to a solid. Typically, acrylamide-based bond reagents are insoluble in water, which makes them suitable for use in many situations where solvents are impractical or undesirable. Acrylamide resins are commonly used as insulators for household and automotive applications, as well as for bonding and soldering mechanical components together. Other commonly used acrylamide-based adhesives include polyurethane, acryl resin, and urethane glue.
The fourth category of adhesive is thermoform bonding. Thermoform bonding occurs when two substances are combined so that their molecules become permanently entwined. In this process, the two materials are either melted together, formed into a single entity, or bonded together by forming a barrier between them. Common thermoform adhesives include epoxy glue, polyurethane glue, and urethane glue. They can be found in a variety of industries, including building material manufacturing, medical equipment, electronics manufacture, furniture, and toys. A wide range of materials that can be Thermoplastic include polyester fiberglass, plastics, nylon, polycarbonate, and rubber.
The final category, the multi-aterial adhesives, include materials that can be formulated to form a bond between any number of different solids. These types of adhesives are commonly found in industries that manufacture hardware, such as screws and bolts, and electronics, such as connectors, switches, and keycards. Other common materials include elastomeric, thermoform, and urethane adhesives. Elastomeric adhesives form a protective, insulating, and waterproof layer around a part, while thermoform adhesives form a similar, usually silicone-based, layer. Water-based adhesives are the most versatile, as they can be used with almost any liquid substance.
The majority of adhesive products are moisture-resistant, which means that they can stand up against any type of high-pressure or temperature situation. This includes both extremely hot and extremely cold temperatures, as well as any other type of chemical reaction. Common examples of these types of adhesives include thermoplastic adhesives (like Phenolic), pressure-sensitive adhesives (like Teflon), and thermoset adhesives (such as Polyurethane). While there are many more varieties available, the most common types of adhesive that you will find are based on either a polymer or a thermoplastic.