Home Health What is Pulp Therapy? Different Types of Pulp Therapy

What is Pulp Therapy? Different Types of Pulp Therapy


Pulp therapy is a non-invasive treatment to help relieve patients of dental pulp inflammation due to dentinal hypersensitivity or tooth sensitivity. The pain can be caused by common things like brushing too hard with toothpaste, biting into extremely cold or hot food, or even clenching teeth when you’re feeling stressed. And while most people have experienced this at some point in their life, it’s not exactly enjoyable. Pulp therapy is commonly executed among children. It is because children are more vulnerable to tooth decay and traumatic injuries that mostly result in pulp inflammation.

Therefore, pulp therapy is most commonly executed by pediatric dentists. The pediatric dentist in Midlothian execute pulp therapy on both primary and permanent teeth. Although primary teeth eventually are lost, they have a key role in speech production, chewing process, and proper alignment and spacing of teeth.

Let us now see signs of pulp infection or injury and discuss different procedures of pulp therapy.

Signs of Pulp Injury

Pulp injury is a serious oral health concern that can lead to tooth loss. This problem occurs when the soft tissue in the center of the tooth becomes exposed due to trauma, decay, or other dental diseases. Once exposed, pulp tissue can be irritated by food particles and bacteria, leading to pain and swelling around the tooth. Without treatment, pulp tissue can die leading to a severe infection or even more serious complications.

Here are some common signs of pulp injury or infection:

  • Constant pain without any due cause
  • Severe and unexplained pain at night
  • Sensitivity to cold and warm food
  • Redness and swelling around the affected tooth
  • Increased mobility or loosening of the tooth without any cause

Two Different Types of Pulp Therapy

The two common types of pulp therapy executed in pediatric dentistry are pulpotomy and pulpectomy.

Pulpotomies are small surgeries involving the removal of a tooth’s pulp or center. It is an effective way to remove diseased and dying pulp tissue and stop the spread of infection. Pulpotomy is executed if the pulp root remains unaffected and without any injuries or infections. Whereas, pulpectomies involve more extensive surgery, which involves removing parts of the bone and gum tissue near the affected tooth.

The main difference between these two procedures is that pulpotomy could save the tooth from having to be replaced, whereas pulpectomy may require replacement depending on how much of the tooth was removed.